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Hikaru no MangaHikaru no CharaHikaru no AnimeHikaru no EHikaru no MangakaHikaru no MangakaGO Back to The House of AnimeHikaru no GOHikaru no KotobaHikaru no Mono Tetsuko no Shougi
 
THE PROBLEMS
 

From the work of Gokyo Shumyo


Some problems that may occur during the GO game are these following:

  1. To make positions alive, although they reasonably look hopeless.
  2. To kill position.
  3. To bring position to Ko. What will eventuate from these position does not depend on them as such but upon the greater number of risky situation held by one player rather than another.
  4. To hem in chains reciprocally. Chain without eyes (Me) are so intermixed with each other that one of them must die, whereby the other is then converted into a secure position with eyes.
  5. To rescue certain weak stones. If certain stones (which are in the vicinity of the margin but without a stable base) are separated by an enemy formation (which does not touch on the margin but only approaches it) from a chain, then the task is to slip by or through the enemy formation and to connect the unstable stones to the nearby extraneous chain that is stable.
  6. The Robber's Play (Oi-otoshi). An opponent apparently has a chain totally in his power. By the insertion of new stones which the opponent is forced to take, one compels him to fill his territory so full that finally he has to sacrifice a part of his chain being isolated by his enemy in order to avoid a greater loss. This sort of play is the superlative of finesse. It derives its special name from the fact that the opponent feels himself entirely safe and, not expecting an attack in the least, is overwhelmed when it comes, as if he had been ambush by a robber.
  7. To dismember a loose enemy chain. An eyeless chain is surrounded and isolated by means of an enemy chain which still has gaps. These gaps should then be penetrated and one must cut off from the hostile chain a strip which in turn is surrounded and killed.

Any game of GO, due to the possibilities structurally inherent it moves, should, on the average, result in about 250 moves. Of the total sum, about 20 belong to the opening game, about 150 to the middle game, and, say, about 80 to the end game. Plays effecting the connection of chains at the margin and filling up the gaps and interspaces between the chains, after the general formation is completed, belong to the end game.

Shindou Hikaru

 

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